Yinxian Chen, Sicheng Zhang, Chuanqing Bai, Zhiye Guan, Wenjian Chen Department of Orthopedic, Children’s Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui 230032, People’s Republic of ChinaCorrespondence: Wenjian ChenDepartment of Orthopedic, Children’s Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Baohe District, Hefei, Anhui 230032, People’s Republic of ChinaTel +86-13721021060Email email@example.comBackground: As a malignant tumor, the progression of osteosarcoma (OS) is mediated by multiple regulators, including circular RNAs (circRNAs). However, the role of circ_0000885 in OS is unclear.Materials and Methods: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was applied to detect the expression of circ_0000885, miR-1294 and fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1). Cell proliferation was evaluated using 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and colony formation assay. Flow cytometry and transwell assay were employed to determine the cell cycle distribution, cell migration and invasion, respectively. Moreover, the relationship between miR-1294 and circ_0000885 or FGFR1 was confirmed by dual-luciferase reporter assay. The protein level of FGFR1 was assessed via Western blot (WB) analysis. Animal experiments were used to verify the effect of circ_0000885 silencing on OS tumor growth in vivo.Results: Circ_0000885 level was increased in OS tissues and cells. Knockdown of circ_0000885 repressed the proliferation, migration, invasion and induced cell cycle arrest in OS cells. There was a binding relationship between miR-1294 and circ_0000885, and miR-1294 inhibitor could reverse the inhibitory effect of silenced circ_0000885 on OS progression. MiR-1294 could target FGFR1, and overexpressed FGFR1 could invert the suppression effect of miR-1294 mimic on OS progression. Silencing of circ_0000885 hindered FGFR1 expression, while this effect could be recovered by miR-1294 inhibitor. In addition, circ_0000885 knockdown reduced OS tumor growth via regulating the FGFR1 expression by sponging miR-1294 in vivo.Conclusion: Circ_0000885 played an active role in OS progression, indicating that it might be a potential target for OS therapy.Keywords: OS, progression, circ_0000885, miR-1294, FGFR1
Electrically coupled neurons communicate through channel assemblies called gap junctions, which mediate the transfer of current from one cell to another. Electrical synapses ensure spike synchronization and reliable transmission, which influences bursting patterns and firing frequency. The present study concerns an electrically coupled two-neuron network in the gastropod mollusc, Lymnaea stagnalis. The neurons, designated Visceral Dorsal 1 (VD1) and Right Parietal Dorsal 2 (RPD2), are peptidergic, innervate aspects of the cardio-respiratory system, and show strong coupling, such that they fire synchronously. Using dual sharp-electrode current-clamp recording and morphological staining in isolated brain preparations, the hypothesis that the electrical synapse is necessary for accurate network output was tested. We found that both cells make extensive projections within and out of the brain, including across the visceral–parietal connective, which links VD1 and RPD2. Cutting this connective uncoupled the neurons and disrupted the firing rate and pattern of RPD2 more than VD1, consistent with VD1 being the master and RPD2 the follower. The electrical synapse was inhibited by select gap junction blockers, with niflumic acid and 5-nitro-2-(3-phenylpropylamino) benzoic acid decreasing the VD1→RPD2 and RPD2→VD1 coupling coefficients, whereas carbenoxolone, α-glycyrrhetinic acid, meclofenamic acid, and quinine were ineffective. There was little-to-no impact on VD1↔RPD2 firing synchrony or frequency when coupling was reduced pharmacologically. However, in the presence of gap junction blockers, suppressing the activity of VD1 by prolonged hyperpolarization revealed a distinct, low-frequency firing pattern in RPD2. This suggests that strong electrical coupling is key to maintaining a synchronous output and proper firing rate.
DOI : 10.1016/j.brainres.2015.01.039 Anahtar Kelimeler :
A anal nerve, anal nerve, CC cerebral commissure, cerebral commissure, CNS central nervous system, central nervous system, CP cutaneous pallial nerve, cutaneous pallial nerve, DMSO dimethyl sulfoxide, dimethyl sulfoxide, G genital nerve, genital nerve, HEPES N-2-hydroxyethylpiperazine-Nu2032-2-ethanesulphonic acid, N-2-hydroxyethylpiperazine-Nu2032-2-ethanesulphonic acid, I intestinal nerve, intestinal nerve, NFA niflumic acid, niflumic acid, NPPB 5-nitro-2-(3-phenylpropylamino) benzoic acid, 5-nitro-2-(3-phenylpropylamino) benzoic acid, RIP right internal parietal nerve, right internal parietal nerve, REP right external parietal nerve, right external parietal nerve, RPD2 neuron Right Parietal Dorsal 2, neuron Right Parietal Dorsal 2, VD1 neuron Visceral Dorsal 1, neuron Visceral Dorsal 1, Gap junction, Fenamate, Tonic firing, Lymnaea stagnalis, Mollusc
ISSN: 0006-8993 Cilt: 1603 Sayfa: 8-21
Xia Qian,* Cheng Tan,* Feng Wang,* Baixia Yang, Yangyang Ge, Zhifeng Guan, Jing CaiDepartment of Radiation Oncology, Nantong Tumor Hospital, Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Nantong University, Nantong, People’s Republic of China*These authors contributed equally to this workAbstract: Esophageal carcinoma (EC) is a lethal disease with high morbidity and mortality worldwide, and the incidence has been increasing in recent years. Although the diagnosis and treatment of EC have improved considerably, EC has rapidly progressed in the clinical setting and has a poor prognosis for its metastasis and recurrence. The general idea of cancer stem cells (CSCs) is primarily based on clinical and experimental observations, indicating the existence of a subpopulation of cells that can self-renew and differentiate. The EC stem cells, which can be isolated from normal pluripotent stem cells by applying similar biomarkers, may participate in promoting esophageal tumorigenesis through renewal and repair. In this review, major emphasis is given to CSC markers, altered CSC-specific pathways, and molecular targeting agents currently available to target CSCs of esophageal cancer. The roles of numerous markers (CD44, aldehyde dehydrogenase, CD133, and ATP-binding cassette subfamily G member 2) and developmental signaling pathways (Wnt/β-catenin, Notch, hedgehog, and Hippo) in isolating esophageal CSCs are discussed in detail. Targeting CSCs can be a logical strategy to treat EC, as these cells are responsible for carcinoma recurrence and chemoradiation resistance. Keywords: esophageal cancer, cancer stem cells, CD44, ALDH, CD133, ABCG2
Zhonghai Guan,1 Xiongfei Yu,1 Haohao Wang,1 Haiyong Wang,1 Jing Zhang,1 Guangliang Li,2 Jiang Cao,3 Lisong Teng1 1Department of Surgical Oncology, First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, 2Department of Medicine Oncology, Zhejiang Cancer Hospital, 3Clinical Research Center, The 2nd Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, People’s Republic of China Abstract: Liposarcoma (LPS) is the most common type of soft-tissue sarcoma. Complete surgical resection is the only curative means for localized disease; however, both radiation and conventional cytotoxic chemotherapy remain controversial for metastatic or unresectable disease. An increasing number of trials with novel targeted therapy of LPS have provided encouraging data during recent years. This review will provide an overview of the advances in our understanding of LPS and summarize the results of recent trials with novel therapies targeting different genetic and molecular aberrations for different subtypes of LPS. Keywords: well-/dedifferentiated, myxoid/round cell, pleomorphic, soft-tissue sarcoma
Zhaoxiu Zhou,* Shuang Liu,* Yanfen Zhang, Xiantao Yang, Yuan Ma, Zhu Guan, Yun Wu, Lihe Zhang, Zhenjun Yang State Key Laboratory of Natural and Biomimetic Drugs, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: In this study, through covalent conjugation and lipid material entrapment, a combined modification strategy was established for effective delivery of small interfering RNA (siRNA). Single strands of siRNA targeting to BRAFV600E gene (siMB3) conjugated with cRGD peptide at 3'-terminus or 5'-terminus via cleavable disulfide bond was synthesized and then annealed with corresponding strands to obtain single and bis-cRGD-siRNA conjugates. A cationic lipid material (CLD) developed by our laboratory was mixed with the conjugates to generate nanocomplexes; their uniformity and electrical property were revealed by particle size and zeta potential measurement. Compared with CLD/siBraf, CLD/cRGD-siBraf achieved higher cell uptake and more excellent tumor-targeting ability, especially 21 (sense-5′/antisense-3″-cRGD-congjugate) nanocomplex. Moreover, they can regulate multiple pathways to varying degree and reduce acidification of endosome. Compared with the gene silencing of different conjugates, single or bis-cRGD-conjugated siRNA showed little differences except 22 (5/5) which cRGD was conjugated at 5'-terminus of antisense strand and sense strand. However bis-cRGD conjugate 21 nanocomplex exhibited better specific target gene silencing at multiple time points. Furthermore, the serum stabilities of the bis-cRGD conjugates were higher than those of the single-cRGD conjugates. In conclusion, all these data suggested that CLD/bis-conjugates, especially CLD/21, can be an effective system for delivery of siRNA to target BRAFV600E gene for therapy of melanoma. Keywords: cRGD-siRNA conjugates, cationic lipids, targeting, silencing, intracellular pathways, CLD
Guolin Hong,1 Gang Rui,2 Dongdong Zhang,1 Mingjian Lian,1 Yuanyuan Yang,1 Ping Chen,1 Huijing Yang,3 Zhichao Guan,4 Wei Chen,5 Yan Wang6 1Department of Laboratory Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Clinical Medicine, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou 350108, People’s Republic of China; 4Department of Research and development, Xiamen Passtech Co.,Ltd., Xiamen 361101, People’s Republic of China; 5Higher Educational Key Laboratory for Nano Biomedical Technology of Fujian Province, Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou 350004, People’s Republic of China; 6Department of Cardiology, the Affiliated Cardiovascular Hospital of Xiamen University, Medical College of Xiamen University, Xiamen 361004, People’s Republic of China Background: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI), usually caused by atherosclerosis of coronary artery, is the most severe manifestation of coronary artery disease which results in a large amount of death annually. A new diagnosis approach with high accuracy, reliability and low measuring-time-consuming is essential for AMI quick diagnosis. Purpose: The objective of this study was to develop a new point-of-care testing system with high accuracy and reliability for AMI quick diagnosis.Patients and methods: 50 plasma samples of acute myocardial infarction patients were analyzed by developed Smartphone-Assisted Pressure-Measuring-Based Diagnosis System (SPDS). The concentration of substrate was firstly optimized. The effect of antibody labeling and matrix solution on measuring result were then evaluated. And standard curves for cTnI, CK-MB and Myo were built for clinical sample analysis. The measuring results of 50 clinical samples were finally evaluated by comparing with the measuring result obtained by CLIA. Results: The concentration of substrate H2O2 was firstly optimized as 30% to increase measuring signal. A commercial serum matrix was chosen as the matrix solution to dilute biomarkers for standard curve building to minimize matrix effect on the accuracy of clinical plasma sample measuring. The standard curves for cTnI, CK-MB and Myo were built, with measuring dynamic range of 0–25 ng/mL, 0–33 ng/mL and 0–250 ng/mL, and limit of detection of 0.014 ng/mL, 0.16 ng/mL and 0.85 ng/mL respectively. The measuring results obtained by the developed system of 50 clinical plasma samples for three biomarkers matched well with the results obtained by chemiluminescent immunoassay.Conclusion: Due to its small device size, high sensitivity and accuracy, SPDS showed a bright potential for point-of-care testing (POCT) applications. Keywords: acute myocardial infarction, diagnosis, pressure sensor, smartphone, Pt nanoparticle
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to compare early and long-term results of eversion carotid endarterectomy (e-CEA) and patch carotid endarterectomy (p-CEA). MATERIAL AND METHODS In a retrospective study, we collected data on 441 patients who underwent CEA (e-CEA=211 vs. p-CEA=230) between October 2009 and October 2015 at our institute. Economic costs, postoperative hospital days, use of shunts and antibiotics, early (30-day) complications, long-term restenosis, and mortality rates were compared between groups during 4 to 76 months of follow-up. RESULTS Patients in the p-CEA group had a significantly higher percentage of antibiotic use (58.3% vs. 27%, respectively; P0.05). Long-term complication, including stroke or heart attack, recurrent stenosis rate, and mortality rate, showed no difference between the 2 groups (all P>0.05). Kaplan-Meier analysis shows that the recurrent stenosis-free and survival rates were not significantly different between the 2 groups (P=0.867, P=0.177, respectively). CONCLUSIONS The adverse event rates of perioperative and long-term follow-up showed no significant difference between the e-CEA and p-CEA groups. Both e-CEA and p-CEA are effective for carotid artery stenosis.
Abstract Aim To investigate the enhancement of humoral immunity when CpG ODN (cytidine phosphate guanosine oligodeoxynucleotides) and aluminium adjuvants are complexed with the HCV (Hepatitis C virus) recombinant immunogen in mice. Methods After immunizing Balb/c mice with the recombination HCV antigen adjuvanted with pUCpGs10 and/or aluminium(antigen+CpG+alum, antigen+CpG, antigen+alum, antigen+PBS), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to measure the specific serum antibody titers of IgG, to determine the neutralization response to various peptide genotypes, and to determine the concentration of IL-6 and IL-10 in supernatants of in vitro cultured splenic lymphocytes. Enzyme-linked immunospot assay (ELISPOT) was used to quantify the non-specific and specific splenic antibody-secreting cells (ASCs), and flow cytometry (FCM) determined the ratio of different splenic lymphocytes. The serum of rabbits immunized with the recombinant pBVGST/HVR1 antigen immunoprecipitated the HCV isolated from 12 patients' serum. Results The sera antibody titers were 1:51200, 1:9051, 1:18102, 1:6400 respectively after the final immunization and demonstrated good neutralization responses to the six gene peptide containing 1a, 1b, 2a, 3a, 4a and 6a. The aluminum adjuvant increased the population of both specific ASCs (P < 0.01) and total ASCs(P < 0.05), with a proportional rise in concentrations of CD19+CD27+ (P < 0.05), as well as levels of IL-6, IL-10 (P < 0.05) in splenic lymphocytes. The results clearly indicated a significantly higher number of CD19+CD38+ splenic lymphocytes with the aluminum and pUCpGs10 adjuvant present compared to the control group(P < 0.05). Anti-HVR1 antibody in induced mice can cross-reactively capture HCV particles (10/12). Conclusions 1. The aluminum adjuvant induces a potent Th2-biased immune response by increasing both the populations of specific and total ASCs and the ratio of CD19+CD27+ cells. 2. The pUCpGs10 complexed with the aluminum adjuvant boosts the population of plasma cells and increase the efficiency of the immune response. 3. The two adjuvants have synergistic effects on humoral immunity. 4. The recombinant HVR1 protein has the possibility of generating broadly reactive anti-HVR1 antibody.