The discovery of Superconductivity in the tetragonal phase FeSe provides a unique platform for the detailed investigation of the correlation between the physical properties and crystal structure to better understand the possible origin of superconductivity in the new iron-based superconductors. We have carried out a series of properties characterizations by measuring magnetic susceptibility, Raman, NMR and femtosecond spectroscopy on single crystals and epitaxial thin films of the FeSe and Te-doped Fe(SeTe) samples. Our results show clearly the presence of anomalies in all the characterized properties at the temperature where a structural distortion from tetragonal to orthorhombic (or monoclinic) appears for all superconducting samples, but not in the non-superconducting ones. This structural distortion was observed not accompanied by a magnetic ordering as commonly occurs in the parent compounds of FeAs-based superconductors. All the observations suggest that the low temperature structural distortion is essential for the occurrence of superconductivity in the FeSe and related compounds. Details of the experimental results will be presented and discussed.
DOI : 10.1051/epjconf/20122300009
ISSN: 2100-014X Cilt: 23 Sayfa: 00009
Quantum entanglement is ubiquitous in the microscopic world and manifests itself macroscopically under some circumstances. But common belief is that it alone cannot be used to transmit information nor could it be used to produce macroscopic non- local effects. Yet we have recently found evidence of non-local effects of chemical substances on the brain produced through it. While our reported results are under independent verifications by other groups, we report here our experimental findings of non-local chemical, thermal and gravitational effects in simple physical systems such as reservoirs of water quantum-entangled with water being manipulated in a remote reservoir. With the aids of high-precision instruments, we have found that the pH value, temperature and gravity of water in the detecting reservoirs can be non-locally affected through manipulating water in the remote reservoir. In particular, the pH value changes in the same direction as that being manipulated; the temperature can change against that of local environment; and the gravity apparently can also change against local gravity. These non-local effects are all reproducible and can be used for non-local signalling and many other purposes. We suggest that they are mediated by quantum entanglement between nuclear and/or electron spins in treated water and discuss the implications of these results.
Minghua Wu, Maureen D Mayes Division of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunogenetics, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Houston, TX, USA Abstract: Systemic sclerosis (SSc; scleroderma) is a chronic, multisystem autoimmune disease characterized by vasculopathy, fibrosis, and autoantibodies. In the past decade, great efforts have been made to investigate genetic susceptibility for SSc. To date, over 20 gene loci have been identified as risk factors for SSc in large genome-wide association studies and confirmed by independent replication studies. However, the biological relevance of these genetic associations is still largely unknown. Exploring the mechanism behind these risk loci is essential to better understand disease pathogenesis and to identify novel therapeutic targets. Mouse model studies including knockout, knockin and knockdown of these genes can advance our understanding of pathogenic cellular and molecular mechanisms in human disease. Although such mouse model systems do not exactly correspond to human disease, they can provide insight into pathological mechanisms that influence disease pathways. In this review, we discuss recent findings regarding the genetic basis of SSc in the setting of genetic manipulation of these pathways in murine models. Keywords: GWAS, Immunochip study, type I interferon pathway, genetic mutation animal models
Photons are intrinsically quantum objects and natural long-distance carriers of information. Since brain functions involve information and many experiments have shown that quantum entanglement is physically real, we have contemplated from the perspective of our recent hypothesis on the possibility of entangling the quantum entities inside the brain with those in an external chemical substance and carried out experiments toward that end. Here we report that applying magnetic pulses to the brain when an anesthetic or pain medication was placed in between caused the brain to feel the effect of the said substance for several hours after the treatment as if the test subject had actually inhaled the same. The said effect is consistently reproducible. We further found that drinking water exposed to magnetic pulses, laser light or microwave when a chemical substance was placed in between also causes consistently reproducible brain effects in various degrees. Further, through additional experiments we have verified that the said brain effect is the consequence of quantum entanglement between quantum entities inside the brain and those of the chemical substance under study, induced by the photons of the magnetic pulses or applied lights. We suggest that the said quantum entities inside the brain are nuclear and/or electron spins and discuss the profound implications of these results.
Minghao Wu, 1,* Yanyan Zhang, 1, 2,* Na Zhuo, 3 Mingjie Wu, 4 Zhaoxiang Ye, 1 Xuening Zhang 2 1Department of Radiology, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, National Clinical Research Center for Cancer, Tianjin’s Clinical Research Center for Cancer, Key Laboratory of Cancer Prevention and Therapy, Tianjin 300060, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Radiology, Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin 300211, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Ultrasound, Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin 300211, People’s Republic of China; 4Institut National De La Recherche Scientifique-Energie Materiaux Et Telecommunications, Varennes,Quebec J3X 1S2, Canada*These authors contributed equally to this workCorrespondence: Zhaoxiang Ye; Xuening Zhang Email firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.comIntroduction: Multimodal imaging agent has the potential to overcome the shortage and incorporate the advantages of different imaging tools for extremely sensitive diagnosis. To achieve multimodal imaging, combining multiple contrast agents into a special nanostructure has become a main strategy; However, the combination of all of these functions into one nanoplatform usually requires a complicated synthetic procedure that results in heterogeneous nanostructure.Methods: In this study, we develop ultrasmall gold nanoclusters with 15 gold atoms (Au 15NCs) functionalized with diethylenetriamine-pentaacetic acid dianhydride (DTPAA-Gd) as an optimized multimodal imaging agent to enhance imaging ability.Results: The Au 15NCs-DTPAA-Gd nanohybrids possess the ultra-small size and are capable of enhancing the contrast in near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF), magnetic resonance (MR) and X-ray computed tomography (CT) imaging. Meanwhile, the integrated DTPAA-Gd component not only endow the nanohybrids to produce higher T 1 relaxivity (r 1 = 21.4 mM− 1 s− 1) than Omnipaque (r 1 = 3.973 mM− 1s− 1) but also further enhance X-ray attenuation property of Au 15NCs. Importantly, the fluorescence intensity of Au 15NCs-DTPAA-Gd did not decrease compared with Au 15NCs. Ultimately, in vivo imaging experiments have demonstrated that Au 15NCs-DTPAA-Gd nanohybrids can be quickly eliminated from the body through the urinary system and has great potential for anatomical imaging.Conclusion: These data manifest Au 15NCs-DTPAA-Gd present great potential as a multimodal contrast agent for disease diagnosis, especially for early accurate detection of tumors.Keywords: multimodal imaging, ultrasmall gold nanoclusters, magnetic resonance imaging, near-infrared fluorescence, X-ray computed tomography
Three burley tobacco samples from three different areas in China and Brazil were roasted under three processing conditions. The amino acids and basic components of the burley tobacco samples were determined before and after roasting. Routine tobacco variables (reducing sugars, total water-soluble sugars, total nitrogen, total alkaloids, total volatile bases, and pH) were determined according to the Chinese National Standard Methods (CNSM). Free amino acids were determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The basic compounds were isolated by use of simultaneous distillation and extraction (SDE) equipment. Their levels were determined qualitatively and quantitatively on a) a gas chromatograph (GC) equipped with a nitrogen-phosphorus detector (NPD) and b) by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The results indicated that the chemical changes occurring during roasting have a significant impact on burley tobacco quality. Roasting decreased the tobacco pH value and the levels of total nitrogen, reducing sugars, free amino acids, and other nitrogenous substances, such as amines and alkaloids. The latter are usually related to the irritancy and sharp taste of burley tobacco smoke. In contrast, the levels of pyrazines, important contributors to the characteristic burley flavor, increased.
Min Wu,1 Aruna Kalyanasundaram,2 Jie Zhu1 1Laboratory of Biomechanics and Engineering, Institute of Biophysics, College of Science, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi, People's Republic of China; 2College of Pharmacology, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA Abstract: Mitochondria serve as energy-producing organelles in eukaryotic cells. In addition to providing the energy supply for cells, the mitochondria are also involved in other processes, such as proliferation, differentiation, information transfer, and apoptosis, and play an important role in regulation of cell growth and the cell cycle. In order to achieve these functions, the mitochondria need to move to the corresponding location. Therefore, mitochondrial movement has a crucial role in normal physiologic activity, and any mitochondrial movement disorder will cause irreparable damage to the organism. For example, recent studies have shown that abnormal movement of the mitochondria is likely to be the reason for Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, Huntington's disease, Parkinson's disease, and schizophrenia. So, in the cell, especially in the particular polarized cell, the appropriate distribution of mitochondria is crucial to the function and survival of the cell. Mitochondrial movement is mainly associated with the cytoskeleton and related proteins. However, those components play different roles according to cell type. In this paper, we summarize the structural basis of mitochondrial movement, including microtubules, actin filaments, motor proteins, and adaptin, and review studies of the biomechanical mechanisms of mitochondrial movement in different types of cells. Keywords: mitochondrial movement, microtubules, actin filaments, motor proteins, adaptin
Ruiming Cai,1 Meng Wu,2 Yanfang Xing3 1Department of Organ Transplantation, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 510150, Guangdong, China; 2Department of Nephrology, Longyan First Hospital, Longyan 364000, Fujian, China; 3Department of Nephrology, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 510150, Guangdong, China Background: Post-transplantation diabetes mellitus (PTDM) remains a major clinical challenge following renal transplant. Identification of pretransplant modifiable risk factors may allow timely interventions to prevent PTDM. This study aims to determine whether pretransplant metabolic syndrome and its components are able to predict PTDM in Chinese patients receiving their first renal transplant.Patients and methods: We conducted a single-center retrospective study of 633 non-diabetic patients receiving a first kidney transplant. PTDM was diagnosed between 1 month and 1 year post-transplant. Multivariable logistic regression and Cox proportional hazards model were applied to detect potential pretransplant risk factors for PTDM.Results: One year post-transplant, 26.2% of recipients had developed PTDM. PTDM patients had significantly higher fasting plasma glucose (FPG) (P=0.026) and body mass index (BMI) (P=0.006) than non-PRDM patients, and lower levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (P=0.015). The presence of metabolic syndrome was an independent risk factor for PTDM, as assessed by multivariable logistic regression analysis (OR 1.28, 95% CI 1.04–1.51, P=0.038) and Cox proportional hazards model (OR 2.75, 95% CI 1.45–6.05, P=0.021). Moreover, both FPG >5.6 mmol/L and BMI >28 kg/m2 (obesity) were able to predict PTDM.Conclusion: Our results suggest that the presence of metabolic syndrome and its components, impaired fasting glycemia and obesity, are independent risk factors for PTDM in Chinese non-diabetic patients receiving a first renal transplant. Interventions aimed at improving pretransplant metabolic syndrome may reduce the incidence of PTDM. Keywords: post-transplantation diabetes mellitus, renal transplant, metabolic syndrome, body mass index, fasting plasma glucose
Men Wu, Yonghao Feng, Xiaohong Shi Department of Endocrinology, Jinshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of ChinaCorrespondence: Xiaohong ShiDepartment of Endocrinology, Jinshan Hospital, Fudan University, 1508 Longxiang Road, Shanghai 201508, People’s Republic of ChinaEmail firstname.lastname@example.orgAbstract: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a group of non-coding RNAs longer than 200 nucleotides, which are defined as transcripts. The lncRNAs are involved in regulating gene expression at epigenetic, transcriptional, and post-transcriptional levels. Recent studies have found that lncRNA is closely related to many diseases like neurological diseases, endocrine and metabolic disorders. Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is one of the most common chronic complications of diabetes mellitus. In this review, we highlight the latest research related to lncRNAs in DPN.Keywords: long non-coding RNA, diabetes mellitus, diabetic peripheral neuropathy, diabetic neuropathic pain
Ping Xu,1,2 Meiying Wu,2,3 Hui Chen,1,2 Junchi Xu,1,2 Minjuan Wu,1 Ming Li,4 Feng Qian,4 Junhua Xu2,4 1Inspection Center, Affiliated Infectious Hospital of Soochow University, 2Key Laboratory of TB Prevention and Cure of Suzhou City, 3Department of Respiratory Medicine, Affiliated Infectious Hospital of Soochow University, 4Department of Infectious Diseases, Affiliated Infectious Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, People’s Republic of China Abstract: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a liver cancer that could be induced by hepatitis C virus genotype 2a Japanese fulminant hepatitis-1 (JFH-1) strain. The aim of this study was to investigate the molecular mechanisms of HCC. The microarray data GSE20948 includes 14 JFH-1- and 14 mock (equal volume of medium [control])-infected Huh7 samples. The data were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus. After data processing, soft cluster analyses were performed to identify co-regulated genes with similar temporal expression patterns. Functional and pathway enrichment analyses, as well as functional annotation analysis, were performed. Subsequently, combined networks of protein–protein interaction network, microRNA regulatory network, and transcriptional regulatory network were constructed. Hub nodes, modules, and five clusters of co-regulated genes were also identified. In total, 173 up and 207 down co-regulated genes were separately identified in JFH-1-infected Huh7 cells compared with those of control cells. Functional enrichment analysis indicated that up co-regulated genes were related to skeletal system morphogenesis and neuron differentiation and down co-regulated genes were related to steroid/cholesterol/sterol metabolisms. Hub genes (such as IRF1, GBP1, ICAM1, Foxa1, DHCR7, HMGCS2, and MSMO1) were identified. Transcription factors IRF1 and Foxa1 were the targets of miR-130a, miR-17-5p, and miR-20a. PPARGC1A was targeted by miR-29 family, and MSMO1 was the target of miR-23 family. Hub nodes (such as IRF1, GBP1, ICAM1, Foxa1, DHCR7, HMGCS2, and MSMO1) and microRNAs might be used as candidate biomarkers of JFH-1-infected HCC. Keywords: soft cluster analysis, co-regulated genes, transcription factors, microRNAs, combined network
Dan-dan Xue,1,2 Yun Cheng,1 Mei Wu,2 Yan Zhang3 1Nursing Department, Huadong Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 2School of Nursing, Fudan University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of General Surgery, Huadong Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China Background: Gastrointestinal cancer is an age-associated disease, and geriatric patients are mostly likely to suffer from postoperative complications. Some studies indicated that comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) could predict postoperative complications in gastrointestinal cancer patients. However, the evidence is mixed. Objective: This study aimed to conduct a meta-analysis to identify the effectiveness of CGA for predicting postoperative complications in gastrointestinal cancer patients. Methods: The Joanna Briggs Institute Library, Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, CINAHL Complete and four Chinese databases were searched for studies published up to March 2017. Two reviewers independently screened literature, extracted data and assessed the quality of included studies. RevMan5.3 was used for meta-analysis or only descriptive analysis. Results: Six studies were included, with 1,037 participants in total. In all, 13 components of CGA were identified, among which comorbidity (Charlson Comorbidity Index [CCI] ≥3; odds ratio [OR]=1.31, 95% CI [1.06, 1.63], P=0.01), polypharmacy (≥5 drugs/day; OR=1.30, 95% CI [1.04, 1.61], P=0.02) and activities of daily living (ADL) dependency (OR=1.69, 95% CI [1.20, 2.38], P=0.003) were proven relevant to the prediction of postoperative complications. No conclusive relationship was established between instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) dependency (OR=1.18, 95% CI [0.73, 1.91], P=0.51), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE; OR=1.13, 95% CI [0.91, 1.41], P=0.27), potential malnutrition (OR=1.07, 95% CI [0.87, 1.31], P=0.54), malnutrition (OR=1.26, 95% CI [0.80, 1.99], P=0.32), Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS; OR=1.18, 95% CI [0.90, 1.55], P=0.24) and postoperative complications. Conclusion: Comorbidity (CCI ≥3), polypharmacy (≥5 drugs/day) and ADL dependency were predictive factors for postoperative complications in gastrointestinal cancer patients; the results of other geriatric instruments were not conclusive, pointing to insufficient studies and requirement of more original investigations. Keywords: comprehensive geriatric assessment, gastrointestinal cancer, complication, meta-analysis
Xiaoyu Li, Meiying Wu, Limin Pan, Jianlin Shi State Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China Abstract: To overcome the drawback of drug non-selectivity in traditional chemotherapy, the construction of multifunctional targeting drug delivery systems is one of the most effective and prevailing approaches. The intratumoral anti-angiogenesis and the tumor cell-killing are two basic approaches in fighting tumors. Herein we report a novel tumor vascular-targeting multidrug delivery system using mesoporous silica nanoparticles as carrier to co-load an antiangiogenic agent (combretastatin A4) and a chemotherapeutic drug (doxorubicin) and conjugate with targeting molecules (iRGD peptide) for combined anti-angiogenesis and chemotherapy. Such a dual-loaded drug delivery system is capable of delivering the two agents at tumor vasculature and then within tumors through a differentiated drug release strategy, which consequently results in greatly improved antitumor efficacy at a very low doxorubicin dose of 1.5 mg/kg. The fast release of the antiangiogenic agent at tumor vasculatures led to the disruption of vascular structure and had a synergetic effect with the chemotherapeutic drug slowly released in the following delivery of chemotherapeutic drug into tumors. Keywords: mesoporous silica nanoparticles, drug delivery, tumor vasculatures targeting, antiangiogenic agent
Ming Wu, Siyi Wanggou, Xuejun Li, Qing Liu, Yuanyang Xie Department of Neurosurgery, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, People’s Republic of China Abstract: Mitochondrial serine hydroxyl-methyltransferase 2 (SHMT2), participating in the synthesis of mitochondrial thymidine monophosphate, has been reported to drive glioma cell survival in ischemia. However, its clinical relevance in gliomas remains unclear. In the current study, immunohistochemistry was performed to examine subcellular localization and expression levels of SHMT2 protein in glioma and non-neoplastic brain tissue specimens. Then, the associations of SHMT2 expression with various clinicopathological features and patients’ prognosis were statistically evaluated. The roles of SHMT2 in the proliferation and invasion of glioma cells after siRNA-SHMT2 vector transfection were also detected by cell counting kit-8 and transwell assays, respectively. Results showed that SHMT2 immunostaining was predominantly localized in the cellular cytoplasm of tumor cells in glioma tissues but weakly in non-neoplastic brain tissues. Statistically, SHMT2 protein expression was significantly higher in glioma tissues than in non-neoplastic brain tissues (P<0.001). In addition, SHMT2 overexpression more frequently occurred in glioma patients with an advanced grade of malignancy (P<0.001) and poor prognosis (P=0.001). Notably, multivariate analysis based on a Cox regression model identified SHMT2 expression as an independent prognostic factor for glioma patients (P=0.01). Functionally, SHMT2 knockdown efficiently suppressed the proliferation (P=0.02) and invasion (P<0.001) of glioma cells in vitro. In conclusion, our findings suggest that SHMT2 may function as an oncogene in glioma development and progression. Clinically, SHMT2 may serve as a prognostic factor and as a potential therapeutic target for human gliomas. Keywords: mitochondrial serine hydroxyl-methyltransferase 2, glioma, prognosis, oncogene, cell proliferation, cell invasion
Hongyu Ren,1,* Pei Zhang,2,* Yong Tang,3 Mengping Wu,4 Weikang Zhang2 1Department of Gastroenterology, Union Hospital, 2Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Union Hospital, 3Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Union Hospital, 4Department of Internal Medicine, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Previous studies have demonstrated the cancer-type specific role of forkhead box protein A1 (FOXA1) in human malignancies. However, the clinical significance of FOXA1 and its biological function in gastric cancer remain unknown. In this study, the expression of FOXA1 in 80 pairs of gastric cancer tissues and corresponding non-tumor tissues was analyzed using immunohistochemistry and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. We found that the levels of FOXA1 protein and mRNA in gastric cancer tissues were significantly higher than those in matched tumor-adjacent tissues. Furthermore, clinical association analysis indicated that the positive expression of FOXA1 was associated with adverse clinicopathological characteristics of gastric cancer patients including poor tumor differentiation, large tumor size, and advanced tumor-node-metastasis tumor stage. Notably, gastric cancer patients with positive expression of FOXA1 had a poorer 5-year overall survival and recurrence-free survival. In addition, FOXA1 knockdown remarkably inhibited cell proliferation and induced apoptosis in both SGC-7901 and MGC-803 cells. In vivo studies indicated that FOXA1 knockdown prominently suppressed tumor growth of gastric cancer in a nude mouse xenograft model. Mechanistically, we disclosed that the expression of Yes-associated protein was decreased accordingly after FOXA1 knockdown in both SGC-7901 and MGC-803 cells. Taken together, our data suggest that FOXA1 may serve as a promising prognostic indicator and an attractive therapeutic target of gastric cancer. Keywords: FOXA1, gastric cancer, proliferation, apoptosis, YAP
Ling-Yun Liu,1 Yang Liu,2 Mei-Yan Wu,2 Yan-Yan Sun,3 Fu-Zhe Ma2 1Department of Andrology, 2Department of Nephrology, the First Hospital of Jilin University, 3Department of Nephrology, the Fourth Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, China Background: Results of studies on the efficacy of atorvastatin pretreatment on reducing the prevalence of contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CIAKI) in patients undergoing coronary angiography (CAG) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have been controversial.Objective: We undertook a meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy of atorvastatin on contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) after CAG or PCI.Materials and methods: We undertook a systematic search of electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library) up to June 2017. A meta-analysis was carried out including randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared atorvastatin pretreatment with pretreatment with a low-dose statin or placebo for CIAKI prevention in patients undergoing CAG. The main endpoint was CIN prevalence.Results: Nine RCTs were included in our meta-analysis. Atorvastatin pretreatment reduced the prevalence of CIN significantly (odds ratio [OR] 0.46; 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 0.27–0.79; p=0.004). The benefit of high-dose atorvastatin pretreatment was consistent when compared with the control group (OR 0.45; 95% CI 0.21–0.95; p=0.04).Conclusion: At high doses, atorvastatin pretreatment was associated with a significant reduction in the prevalence of CIAKI in patients undergoing CAG. Pretreatment with high-dose atorvastatin could be employed to prevent CIAKI. Keywords: atorvastatin, contrast-induced acute kidney injury, coronary angiography, percutaneous coronary intervention, contrast-induced nephropathy, meta-analysis
Meiyu Wu,1,2 Hongbo Guo,3 Lin Liu,1,2 Ying Liu,2,3 Liming Xie1,2,41CAS Key Laboratory of Standardization and Measurement for Nanotechnology, Center for Excellence in Nanoscience, National Center for Nanoscience and Technology, Beijing 100190, People’s Republic of China; 2NCNST-NIFDC Joint Laboratory for Measurement and Evaluation of Nanomaterials in Medical Applications, National Center for Nano Science and Technology, Beijing 100190, People’s Republic of China; 3CAS Key Laboratory for Biological Effects of Nanomaterials and Nano safety, CAS Center for Excellence in Nanoscience, National Center for Nano Science and Technology, Beijing 100190, People’s Republic of China; 4University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, People’s Republic of ChinaPurpose: Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have been widely applied in various fields as excellent antibacterial reagents over the past decades. Although the particle size is considered as the most crucial factor influencing cellular uptake, transportation, and accumulation behaviors, there are still many controversies regarding the correlation between size and uptake of AgNPs. In this study, size-dependent cellular uptake of AgNPs with different diameters was investigated in B16 cells.Methods: The uptake of AgNPs was investigated by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and transmission electron microscopic (TEM) imaging in B16 cells.Results: Twenty nanometer and 100 nm AgNPs had the lowest and highest uptake efficiency at both 12 hours and 24 hours, respectively. Smaller AgNPs crossed the plasma membrane faster with uniform distribution: 5 nm AgNPs were detected in both cytoplasm and nucleus at 0.5 hours after incubation. Larger AgNPs were extremely difficult to migrate: 100 nm AgNPs were detected in the nucleus at 12 hours after incubation. Internalization of AgNPs was directly observed, mainly within membrane-bound structures, such as intracellular vesicles and late endosomes. The uptake of all four-sized AgNPs (5 nm, 20 nm, 50 nm, 100 nm) decreased significantly after the pre-treatment with chlorpromazine hydrochloride, which can specifically inhibit the clathrin-mediated endocytosis. The internalization efficiencies of AgNPs (5 nm, 20 nm, 50 nm) were markedly reduced by methyl-β-cyclodextrin, a specific caveolin-mediated endocytosis inhibitor, whereas 5-(N-ethyl-N-isopropyl) amiloride as an inhibitor of macropinocytosis inhibited the uptake of larger sizes of AgNPs (50 nm and 100 nm).Conclusion: The results suggest that the size of AgNPs can not only affect the efficiency of cellular uptake, but also the type of endocytosis. The clathrin-mediated endocytosis may be the most common endocytic pathway for AgNPs in B16 cells, and AgNPs at each size were likely to enter cells by a major internalization pathway.Keywords: silver nanoparticles, size-dependence, cellular uptake, B16 cells
Yali Wang, Yucheng Zhang*, Zhenwu Du, Mei Wu, Guizhen Zhang* Central Laboratory, China-Japan Union Hospital, Jilin University, Changchun, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this workAbstract: Detection of micrometastases plays an important role in early-stage and recurrent cancer diagnosis. In the study, a new method of screening micrometastases of lung cancer in peripheral blood by magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) and quantum dots (QDs) was developed to achieve early diagnosis and recurrence prevention. MNPs were prepared by combining miniemulsion polymerization and Stöber coating methods. QDs were prepared by using Cd(Ac)2 • 2H2O and oxygen-free NaHTe with thioglycolic acid as the stabilizer. The carbodiimide-mediated condensation method was used to couple pan-cytokeratin (pan-ck) antibody (Ab) to the surface of the MNPs, and Lunx and SP-A Abs to the surface of the QDs. After four kinds of epithelial tumor cells were enriched by MNPs coupled with pan-ck Ab (MNP-pan-ck), lung cancer cells A549 and SPC-A-1 were successfully identified by QDs with double-labeled Abs. Finally, 32 patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) were collected, out of 26 cases with the enriched circulating tumor cells (CTCs), 21 cases were successfully identified by QDs. Therefore, a new method was established in which MNP-pan-ck collected CTCs and QDs with double-labeled Abs could be used simultaneously to identify CTCs from NSCLC patients.Keywords: micrometastases, lung cancer, magnetic nanoparticles, quantum dots, Lunx, SP-A
Yujia Kong, Liju Zong, Junjun Yang, Ming Wu, Yang Xiang Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, People’s Republic of China Purpose: The incidence of cervical cancer in young women is increasing. This study aimed to analyze the clinicopathological characteristics, treatment, and prognoses of women aged ≤25 years with cervical cancer.Patients and methods: Medical record data of 60 cervical cancer patients aged ≤25 years treated at Peking Union Medical College Hospital between January 1986 and December 2017 were reviewed. The overall survival rate was estimated using the Kaplan–Meier method. Prognosis-related risk factors were analyzed using univariate and multivariate analyses.Results: Among the 60 patients, 44 (73.3%) were diagnosed with cervical carcinoma and 16 (26.7%) with cervical sarcoma. In the cervical carcinoma group, the most common histology was squamous cell carcinoma (n=22, 50.0%) followed by adenocarcinoma (n=18, 40.9%). Notably, clear cell carcinoma dominated cervical adenocarcinomas at 61.1% (11/18). In the cervical sarcoma group, embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma comprised 50% of the cases (8/16). A total of eleven patients with cervical carcinoma underwent fertility-sparing surgeries, and the live birth rate approached 66.7%. The estimated 5-year overall survival rate of the entire cohort was 79.8% with no statistically significant difference between the carcinoma and sarcoma groups (74.3% vs 93.3%, P=0.14). Stage (RR 6.71, 95% CI 1.366–32.970, P=0.019) and lymph node metastasis (RR 9.09, 95% CI 1.050–78.732, P=0.045) were independent risk factors for poor prognosis in those young patients with cervical carcinoma.Conclusion: Adenocarcinoma and sarcoma of the cervix comprise the majority of cervical cancer in young women; their overall prognoses are not worse than older patients; the survival rates tend to vary widely according to histologic subtypes. Keywords: cervical cancer, young women, histologic subtypes, fertility preservation, prognosis
Min Wu,1 Zhaobo Liu,1 Xin Li,1 Aiying Zhang,2 Ning Li1,2 1Department of General Surgery, Beijing Youan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, People’s Republic of China; 2Beijing Institute of Hepatology, Beijing Youan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, People’s Republic of ChinaCorrespondence: Ning LiBeijing Institute of Hepatology, Beijing Youan Hospital, Capital Medical University, 8 Xitoutiao, Youanmenwai, Fengtai District, Beijing 100069, People’s Republic of ChinaEmail email@example.comAiying Zhang Email firstname.lastname@example.orgObjective: This study aimed to evaluate the individual and combined diagnostic values of serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), des-gamma-carboxyprothrombin (DCP), glypican-3 (GPC3) and golgi protein 73 (GP73) in diagnosing hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods: Participants from Beijing YouAn Hospital were enrolled and divided into seven groups. Serum was collected and the levels of AFP, GPC3, GP73 and DCP were simultaneously measured with a protein array. Pearson’s χ2 test was applied to compare the clinicopathological characteristics. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to analyse the diagnostic performance of the four markers.Results: As a single biomarker for differentiating HCC from all controls, AFP had a larger area under the curve (AUC) (0.798, 95% CI (0.754– 0.838) than the other biomarkers, with a sensitivity of 77.3% and a specificity of 71.1%. Among the other combinations, AFP plus GPC3 and DCP (0.871, 95% CI (0.833– 0.903)) was the best at differentiating HCC from all controls. In discriminating very early stage and early stage HCC from all controls, the AUC of GPC3 (0.744, 95% CI (0.690– 0.793); sensitivity 62.8%; specificity 83.3%) was better than that of AFP (0.723, 95% CI (0.668– 0.774); sensitivity 67.3%; specificity 71.7%). Among all biomarker combinations, the combination of AFP, GPC3 and GP73 had the largest AUC (0.843, 95% CI (0.796– 0.883); sensitivity 84.1%; specificity 71.7%). AFP (AUC 0.726, 95% CI (0.662– 0.784)) showed the best performance in the very early diagnosis of HBV-related HCC.Conclusion: As a single biomarker, AFP has an advantage in the very early and early diagnosis of HBV-related HCC. The combination of AFP, GPC3 and GP73 is the most suitable marker for the early diagnosis of HBV-related HCC. However, AFP remains the best biomarker for the very early diagnosis of HBV-related HCC, and the adding of one or more markers does not significantly improve the diagnostic accuracy.Keywords: hepatocellular carcinoma, hepatitis B virus, diagnosis, protein array
Anahtar Kelimeler :
hepatocellular carcinoma, hepatitis b virus, diagnosis, protein array
ISSN: 1178-6930 Cilt: 13 Sayfa: 827 - 840
An efficient algorithm for simulation of microwave scattering from rough soil surfaces is proposed. It entails the use of a single integral equation and a two-grid scheme. The single integral equation approach reduces the number of unknowns by a factor of two or three compared with using coupled equations and admits a faster iterative solution. The two-grid scheme achieves efficiency using coarse grids and maintains accuracy using dense grids. Numerical examples are provided for random rough soil surfaces with exponential statistical properties.
Tian Gao,1,* Xiao-xin Huang,1,* Wu-yun Wang,1,2 Miao-fang Wu,1 Zhong-qiu Lin,1 Jing Li11Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510120, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Gynecology, Hangzhou Women’s Hospital, Hangzhou 310008, People’s Republic of China*These authors contributed equally to this workObjectives: For patients with advanced ovarian cancer, neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) can significantly increase the rate of optimal cytoreduction. However, this does not translate into a survival benefit. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility and effect of neoadjuvant laparoscopic hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (NLHIPEC).Methods: Between March 2016 and February 2018, 14 patients with advanced ovarian cancer who were not candidates for optimal cytoreduction via primary debulking surgery (PDS) received NLHIPEC. Their clinical data were retrospectively analyzed.Results: No patients experienced intraoperative complications during NLHIPEC. Grade 3 adverse events (AEs) were noted in two (14.3%) patients, and all patients received planned NACT without dose delay or dose reduction. Following NACT, CA125 levels <35 U/mL and <20 U/mL were observed in six (42.9%) patients and five (35.7%) patients, respectively. All patients underwent interval debulking surgery (IDS) after the last NACT cycle. After IDS, R0 resection was achieved in 10 (71.4%) patients without intraoperative injury, and one (7.1%) patient developed a grade 3 AE. During a median follow-up time of 16 months, no patients died of disease, and the median progression-free survival (PFS) was not achieved. Progression was noted in six (42.9%) patients (range, 9–21 months).Conclusions: NLHIPEC appears to be a feasible option for ovarian cancer patients who have a low likelihood of achieving optimal cytoreduction during PDS.Keywords: ovarian cancer, hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy, neoadjuvant, laparoscopy
Yonghao Feng,1 Long Chen,2 Qiong Luo,2 Men Wu,1 Yinghui Chen,2 Xiaohong Shi1 1Department of Endocrinology, Jinshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China; 2Department of Neurology, Jinshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China Purpose: Recent evidence has shown the involvement of inflammation in the development of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). MicroRNA-146a (miR-146a) is closely involved in the inflammatory response. However, the role of miR-146a in the inflammatory reaction in DPN has not been clarified. This study was designed to explore the role of miR-146a in the regulation of inflammatory responses in DPN.Methods: Rats were randomly divided into three groups (n=6 per group): control group, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) group and DPN group. T2DM and DPN rats were intraperitoneally injected with streptozotocin. Sciatic nerve conduction velocity (NCV) was determined at the 6th week and the 12th week in each group. The expression of microRNAs was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction in three sciatic nerves for each group of rats. Expression of inflammatory cytokines in nerve tissues and plasma was measured by Western blot and Bio-Plex Pro™ assays.Results: The NCV and expression levels of miR-146a in the DPN group were significantly decreased (P<0.01) compared to the other two groups. Expression of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin 1 beta (IL-1β) and nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) in the DPN group was significantly increased compared with the control and T2DM groups (P<0.01). Pearson’s correlation analysis showed that the expression level of miR-146a was negatively correlated with the levels of IL-1β, TNF-α and NF-κB.Conclusion: miR-146a is involved in the pathogenesis of DPN, and its expression level is closely related to the inflammatory responses that aggravate sciatic nerve injuries. Keywords: type 2 diabetes mellitus, diabetic peripheral neuropathy, microRNA-146a, NF-κB, cytokines
Ming Wu, Xuejun Li, Qing Liu, Yuanyang Xie, Jian Yuan, Siyi WanggouDepartment of Neurosurgery, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, People’s Republic of ChinaBackground: MicroRNAs play important roles in cancer progression including glioma. In this study, we aimed to explore the expression pattern, prognostic potential, and functional role of miR-526b-3p in human glioma.Materials and methods: The expression of miR-526b-3p in glioma tissues and the adjacent non-tumor tissues was determined by quantitative RT-PCR. The chi-square test was performed to evaluate the statistical associations between miR-526b-3p level and patient characteristics. The prognostic value of miR-526b-3p was analyzed by Kaplan–Meier and Cox regression analyses. The function of miR-526b-3p was analyzed by MTT, colony formation assay, transwell assay, and flow cytometry analysis in vitro. The binding between miR-526b-3p and predicted target WEE1 was verified using dual luciferase assay and Western blot analysis.Results: We found that miR-526b-3p expression was significantly downregulated in both glioma tissues and cell lines. Downregulation of miR-526b-3p was significantly associated with advanced WHO grade, lower KPS score, and inferior patient outcomes. Functional investigation indicated that overexpression of miR-526b-3p suppressed cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, and promoted apoptosis in glioma cell lines. Mechanically, WEE1 was identified as direct targets of miR-526b-3p and overexpression of WEE1 significantly suppressed the levels of WEE1. Moreover, re-introduction of WEE1 abrogates the suppression of motility and invasiveness induced by miR-526b-3p in glioma cells.Conclusion: These findings indicate that miR-526b-3p may target WEE1 and inhibit glioma tumorigenesis and progression.Keywords: miR-526b-3p, glioma, tumorigenesis, prognosis, WEE1
Yonghao Feng, 1,* Ying Ge, 2,* Men Wu, 1 Yangmei Xie, 3 Ming Wang, 3 Yinghui Chen, 3 Xiaohong Shi 1 1Department of Endocrinology, Jinshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 201508, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of General Medicine, Community Health Service Center of Shanghai Jinshan Industrial Zone, Shanghai 201506, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Neurology, Jinshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 201508, People’s Republic of China*These authors contributed equally to this workCorrespondence: Xiaohong ShiDepartment of Endocrinology, Jinshan Hospital, Fudan University, No. 1508 Longhang Road, Shanghai 201508, People’s Republic of ChinaTel +86 21-34189990Fax +86 21-57039502Email email@example.comYinghui ChenDepartment of Neurology, Jinshan Hospital, Fudan University, No. 1508, Longhang Road, Shanghai 201508, People’s Republic of ChinaTel +86 21-34189990Fax +86 21-57039502Email firstname.lastname@example.orgBackground: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), as competing endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs), can regulate various pathophysiological processes by binding competitively to microRNAs at the post-transcription level. Our previous work demonstrated that miR-146a-5p was lowly expressed in diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) rats. However, the ceRNA network in DPN mediated by lncRNAs and miR-146a-5p remains to be explored.Methods: Two groups of rats (n=4 per group), a type 2 diabetes (T2DM) group and a DPN group, were used in this study. Sciatic nerve conduction velocity (NCV) of each rat was determined at the 6th and the 12th week. LncRNA microarray analysis was performed in the sciatic nerve of DPN and T2DM rats. Based on the TargetScan algorithm and the miRanda database, we determined the differentially expressed (DE) lncRNAs bound to miR-146a-5p. Furthermore, we verified the DE lncRNAs potentially bound to miR-146a-5p by qRT-PCR. The genes targeted by miR-146a-5p were identified by bioinformatics prediction and experimental techniques.Results: We found 413 DE lncRNAs between DPN and T2DM rats (|log2FC| ≥ 2 and adjust P ≤ 0.05). Eight DE lncRNAs were predicted to bind to miR-146a-5p by both algorithms, of which four were verified by qRT-PCR. TRAF6, IRAK1, and SMAD4 were identified as miR-146a-5p targeted genes and were predominantly enriched in the inflammatory signaling pathway.Conclusion: LncRNAs may contribute to the pathogenesis of DPN by regulating inflammation through functioning as ceRNAs of miR-146a-5p.Keywords: diabetic peripheral neuropathy, long non-coding RNA, MicroRNA, inflammation
Xiang Jiang, Ying Jin, Yan Li, Hui-Fang Huang, Ming Wu, Keng Shen, Ling-Ya Pan Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, People's Republic of China Abstract: The objective of this retrospective study was to analyze the clinical characteristics and prognosis of clear cell adenocarcinoma (CCA) in the post-diethylstilbestrol (DES) era and to evaluate the feasibility of fertility-preserving treatment. The records of 32 patients with CCAs who were treated at Peking Union Medical College Hospital from August 1986 to June 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. Three of the patients had undergone fertility-preserving treatment. The incidence of CCA among cervical adenocarcinomas was 15.2%. The median age was 38 years: 11 patients (34.4%) were diagnosed before 30 years of age and two (6.3%) after 70 years of age. Ten patients (31.2%) were nulliparous. No patient had been exposed to DES. Twenty-nine patients (90.6%) presented with obvious symptoms, and the cervix appeared abnormal in 26 patients (81.3%). Cervical Papanicolaou (Pap) tests were abnormal in all four patients in whom they were performed (three had high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions and one had atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance). The distribution by stage was 56.3% stage I, 34.4% stage II, 6.3% stage III, and 3.1% stage IV. Treatments mainly included surgery for patients with stage I to IIA CCA and radiochemotherapy for patients with advanced CCA. The overall 5-year progression-free survival was 72.2%. Patients with stage I to IIA CCA had better 5-year progression-free survival than did patients with stage IIB to IV CCA (81.5% versus 40.0%, P=0.003). The three patients who had undergone fertility-preserving treatment had no recurrences. CCA may also affect adolescents and children without prior DES exposure, who are often misdiagnosed as having functional uterine bleeding. Radiotherapy appears to be effective for local control but to have no effect on distant recurrences. In our study, the prognosis of patients with early-stage CCA, including those who had undergone fertility-preserving treatment, was not inferior to that of patients with other types of cervical adenocarcinoma. Keywords: clear cell carcinoma, cervix, diagnosis, prognosis, fertility-preserving
Qunyou Tan,1,* Dan He,2,* Mingjun Wu,2,* Lin Yang,3 Yong Ren,4 Juan Liu,2 Jingqing Zhang,21Department of Thoracic Surgery, Institute of Surgery Research, Daping Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, 2Medicine Engineering Research Center, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, 3Chongqing Institute for Food and Drug Control, Chongqing, 4Center of Drug Discovery, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, People's Republic of China*These authors contributed equally to this workBackground: The purpose of this study was to develop, characterize, and investigate a molecular inclusion complex containing rifaldazine with good solubility and antibacterial activity.Methods: Rifaldazine, a lipophilic molecule, was encapsulated into the hydrophobic cavity of ß-cyclodextrin to form a molecular inclusion complex (RAABCD) with good solubility. RAABCD was prepared in a short time using a solid-state grinding method. The inclusion ratio, binding constant, and change in Gibbs free energy were determined by a phase solubility diagram and/or ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy. Differential scanning calorimetry and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy of RAABCD were performed. Morphological features of RAABCD were observed by photomicroscopy. The most likely optimal configuration for RAABCD was simulated by computer modeling. Broth macrodilution testing was done to investigate the antibacterial activity of RAABCD.Results: The inclusion ratio, binding constant, and change in Gibbs free energy, determined by a phase solubility diagram and/or ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy were 1:1, 288.33/261.33 L/mol, and 32.29/31.73 kJ/mol, respectively. Differential scanning calorimetry and Fourier transformed infrared spectra of RAABCD confirmed the molecular interaction between rifaldazine and ß-cyclodextrin. The morphological difference between irregular and amorphous-shaped RAABCD and columnar-shaped rifaldazine further confirmed the molecular encapsulation of rifaldazine. The most likely optimal configuration for RAABCD was confirmed by computer modeling. Broth macrodilution testing indicated that RAABCD had good antibacterial activity.Conclusion: RAABCD had improved solubility and good activity, and might be a promising alternative for treatment of a range of bacterial infections.Keywords: rifaldazine, cyclodextrin inclusion complex, stoichiometric relationships, differential scanning calorimetry, Fourier transform infrared spectra, computer modeling
Minliang Wu,1,* Wenjun Le,2,* Tianxiao Mei,2 Yuchong Wang,1 Bingdi Chen,2 Zhongmin Liu,2 Chunyu Xue11Department of Plastic Surgery,Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, People’s Republic of China; 2Institute for Regenerative Medicine and Translational Nanomedicine, Shanghai East Hospital, The Institute for Biomedical Engineering & Nano Science, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200092, People’s Republic of China*These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Targeted drug delivery by nanoparticles (NPs) is an essential technique to achieve the ideal therapeutic effect for cancer. However, it requires large amounts of work to imitate the biomarkers on the surface of the cell membrane and cannot fully retain the bio-function and interactions among cells. Cell membranes have been studied to form biomimetic NPs to achieve functions like immune escape, targeted drug delivery, and immune modulation, which inherit the ability to interact with the in vivo environments. Currently, erythrocyte, leukocyte, mesenchymal stem cell, cancer cell and platelet have been applied in coating photothermal agents and anti-cancer drugs to achieve increased photothermal conversion efficiency and decreased side effects in cancer ablation. In this review, we discuss the recent development of cell membrane-coated NPs in the application of photothermal therapy and cancer targeting. The underlying biomarkers of cell membrane-coated nanoparticles (CMNPs) are discussed, and future research directions are suggested.Keywords: cell membrane, nanoparticles, photothermal therapy, cancer targeting
Fengying Zhang,1,* Xijiang Wu,2,* Jinming Niu,1 Xiufeng Kang,3 Liya Cheng,1 Yanchun Lv,1 Meimei Wu1 1Otorhinolaryngological Department, Wei Fang Traditional Chinese Hospital, Weifang, Shandong Province, China; 2Otorhinolaryngological Department, Shouguang Peoples Hospital, Shouguang, Shandong Province, China; 3Medical insurance office, Shouguang Peoples Hospital, Shouguang, Shandong Province, China *These authors contributed equally to this work Background: Accumulating data have reported that GSTM1 polymorphism may be related to nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) and laryngeal cancer (LC). This meta-analysis was performed to investigate the relationship between GSTM1 polymorphism and risks of NPC and LC. Methods: Pubmed, Embase, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases were searched for potential articles. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to evaluate the relationship of GSTM1 polymorphism with the risks of NPC and LC. I2>50% or P<0.05 indicates significant heterogeneity. When heterogeneity existed, the random-effects model was used to pool data, otherwise, the fixed-effects model was adopted. Publication bias was detected by Begg’s funnel plot and Egger’s regression. Quality of each study was evaluated by Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Results: Thirty-two eligible articles were included. Pooled outcome suggested the significant relationship of GSTM1 null genotype with increased risk of LC (OR =1.28, 95% CI =1.05–1.54). Compared with hospital-based (HB) population, GSTM1 null genotype was also related to increased risk of LC (OR =1.38, 95% CI =1.06–1.80). Positive relationship of GSTM1 null genotype with enhanced risk of NPC was observed (OR =1.43, 95% CI =1.26–1.63). A similar trend was also observed in the subgroup analysis by source of control (population-based [PB]: OR =1.39, 95% CI =1.18–1.63; HB: OR =1.52, 95% CI =1.22–1.89). Conclusion: GSTM1 null genotype is related to increased risk of NPC and LC. Keywords: GSTM1, polymorphism, NPC, LC